Curriculum Vita

 

Professor of Physics, University of California at Davis

Fellow, American Physical Society

Fellow, Optical Society of America

Adjunct Professor of Physics, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences

Adjunct Professor of Physics, East China University of Science and Technology

Doctor of Philosophy in Physics, University of California at Berkeley

Bachelor of Science in Physics, Peking University, China


Publications:

"Determination of Bovine Serum Albumin Conjugated Drugs by Immobilization as Microarrays and Oblique-Incidence Reflectivity Difference Microscopy," with Yung-shin Sun and Kit S. Lam, Instrumentation Science & Technology 42, 475 - 485 (2014).

"Generating Encoded Compound Libraries for Fabricating Microarrays as a High-throughput Protein Ligand Discovery Platform," (Supplementary Information) with Yung-shin Sun, Yiyan Fei, Juntao Luo, Seth Davis, James P. Landry, Kit S. Lam, Synthetic Communications 44, 987 - 1001 (2014).

"An optics-based variable-temperature assay system for characterizing thermodynamics of biomolecular reactions on solid support," with Yiyan Fei, James P. Landry, Yanhong Li, Hai Yu, Kam Lau, Shengshu Huang, Harshal A. Chokhawala and Xi Chen, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 84, 114102 (2013).

"Detection of Formation and Disintegration of Micelles by Oblique-Incidence Reflectivity Difference Microascopy," with Yung-shin Sun, Juntao Luo, Kit S. Lam, Instrumentation Science & Technology 41, 545 - 555 (2013).

"An oblique-incidence reflectivity difference study of the dependence of probe-target reaction constants on surface target density using streptavidin-biotin reactions as a model," with Yung-shin Sun, James P. Landry, and Yiyan Fei, Instrumentation Science & Technology 41, 535 - 544 (2013).

"Discovering Small Molecule Ligands of VEGF that Block VEGF-KDR Binding Using Label-Free Microarray-based Assays," with James P. Landry, Yiyan Fei, Yaohuang Ke, Guoliang Yu, and Pierre Lee, Assay and Drug Development Technologies 11, 326 - 332 (2013).

"Kinetic identification of protein ligands in a 51,200 small-molecule library using microarrays and a label-free ellipsometric scanner," with James P. Landry, Andrew P. Proudian, Galina Malovichko, SPIE 8587 (2013).

"Simultaneous Measurement of 10,000 Protein-Ligand Affinity Constants Using Microarray-based Kinetic Constant Assays," (Supplementary Information) with James P. Landry and Yiyan Fei, Assay and Drug Development Technologies 10, 250 - 259 (2012).

"High Throughput, Label-free Screening Small Molecule Compound Libraries for Protein-Ligands using Combination of Small Molecule Microarrays and a Special Ellipsometry-based Optical Scanner," with James P. Landry and Yiyan Fei, International Drug Discovery, December/January, 8-13 (2012).

"First principles studies of a Xe atom adsorbed on Nb(110) surface," with S. Dag, M. Shaughnessy, C.Y. Fong, and L.H. Yang, Physica B 407, 2100 - 2104 (2012).

"Mass Transport on Adsorbate Multilayers Studied by Surface Plasmon Polariton Wave Excitation," with X. Wang and Y.Y. Fei, Solid-State Commun. 151, 1721-1724 (2011).

"Fluorescent Labeling Agents Change Binding Profiles of Glycan-Binding Proteins ," with Yiyan Fei, Yung-Shin Sun, Yanhong Li, Kam Lau, Hai Yu, Harshal A. Chokhawala, Shengshu Huang, James P. Landry, and Xi Chen, Mol. BioSys. 7, 3343 - 3352 (2011).

"Real-time, label-free analysis reveals novel low-affinity binding to blood group antigens by Helicobacter pylori," with Y.Y. Fei, A. Schmidt, G. Bylund, D.X. Johansson, S. Henriksson, C. Lebrilla, J.V. Solnick, T. Boren, Anal. Chem. 83, 6336 - 6341 (2011).

"Label-free detection of surface markers on stem cells by oblique-incidence reflectivity difference microscopy," with Kai-Yin Lo, Yung-Shin Sun, James P. Landry, Wenbin Deng, BioTechniques 50, 381 - 388 (2011).

"Screening Small Molecule Compound Microarrays for Protein Ligands without Fluorescence Labeling with a High-Throughput Scanning Microscope," with Y.Y. Fei, J.P. Landry, Y.S. Sun, J.T. Luo, X.B. Wang, C.Y. Wu, and K.S. Lam, J. Biomed. Opt. 15, 016018 (2010).

"Classical and quantum diffusion of hydrogen adatoms on Cu(111)," with X. Wang and Y.Y. Fei, Chem. Phys. Lett. 481, 58 - 61 (2009).

"Label-free screening small-molecule compound libraries for protein ligands using a high-throughput optical scanning microscope," with Y.Y. Fei, J.P. Landry, Y.S. Sun, J.T. Luo, X.B. Wang, C.Y. Wu, and K.S. Lam, Proc. SPIE 7182, 71820Q1 (2009).

"Label-free optical detection of small-molecule compound microarray immobilized on solid support using macromolecular scaffolds and subsequent protein binding reactions," with Y.S. Sun, J.P. Landry, Y.Y. Fei, J.T. Luo, X.B. Wang, and K.S. Lam, Proc. SPIE 7182, 71820P1 (2009).

"Macromolecular scaffolds for immobilizing small molecule microarrays in label-free detection of protein-ligand interactions on solid support, " with Y.S. Sun, J.P. Landry, Y.Y. Fei, J.T. Luo, X.B. Wang, and K.S. Lam, Anal. Chem. 81, 5373-5380 (2009).

"Effect of fluorescently labelling protein probes on kinetics of protein-ligand reactions," with Y.S. Sun, J.P. Landry, Y.Y. Fei, J.T. Luo, X.B. Wang, and K.S. Lam, Langmuir 24, 13399-13405 (2008).

"Effective-substrate theory for optical reflection from a layered substrate ," with J.P. Landry, X. Wang, Y.Y. Fei, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, 2021-2028 (2008).

"Novel Excitation and Detection of Surface-Plasmon Polariton Wave on Cu(111) with Gratings of Rare Gas Monolayers," with Y.Y. Fei and X. Wang, Opt. Lett. 33, 1914-1916 (2008).

"A study of protein reactions with surface-bound molecular targets using oblqiue-incidence reflectivity difference microscope," with J.P. Landry, Y.S. Sun, and X.W. Guo, Appl. Opt. 47, 3275-3288 (2008).

"Growth model for pulsed-laser deposited perovskite oxide films," with X. Wang, Y.Y. Fei, H.B. Lu, G.Z. Yang, Chin. Phys. Lett. 25, 663-666 (2008).

"A novel high-throughput scanning microscope for label-free detection of protein and small-molecule chemical microarrays," with Y.Y. Fei, J.P. Landry, Y.S. Sun, J.T. Luo, X.B. Wang, K.S. Lam, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 79, 013708 (2008).

"General theory of optical reflection from a thin film on a solid and its application to heteroepitaxy," with Y.Y. Fei, X. Wang, H.B. Lu, and G.Z. Yang, Phys. Rev. B 75, 245434 (2007).

"Pb electrodeposition on polycrystalline Cu in the presence and absence of Cl-: a combined oblique-incidence reflectivity difference and in-situ AFM study ," with G.-Y. Wu, S.-E. Bae, A.A.. Gewirth, J. Gray, T.P. Moffat, and W. Schwarzacher, Surf. Sci. 601, 1886 (2007).

"Oblique-Incidence Reflectiivty Difference Microscope for Label-Free High-Throughput Detection of Biochemical Reactions in Microarray Format ," with J.P. Landry, Y.S. Sun, J.P. Gregg, and K.S. Lam, Appl. Opt. 46, 1890 (2007).

"Movement of oxygen vacancies in oxide film during annealing observed by an optical reflectivity difference technique," with Xu Wang, Y.Y. Fei, H.B. Lu, K.J. Jin, and G.Z. Yang, J. Appl. Phys. 102, 053107 (2007).

"In-diffusion of oxygen vacancies near step edges dominates the oxidation of perovskite films," with Xu Wang, Y.Y. Fei, H.B. Lu, K.J. Jin, and G.Z. Yang, J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 19, 026206 (2007).

"Surface diffusion of hydrogen atoms on Cu(111) studied by optical diffraction from hydrogen density patterns formed on removable templates of xenon monolayers," with Y.Y. Fei, Europhys. Lett. 76, 877 (2006).

"Adsorption and desorption of hydrogen on bare and Xe-covered Cu(111)," with Y.Y. Fei and P. Thomas, Appl. Phys. A 86, 115-121 (2006).

"Biophotonic studies on lipid membranes using oblique-incidence reflectivity difference (OI-RD) ellipsometry," with R. Masina, A.N. Parikh, R. Bruch, and J.P. Landry, Proc. SPIE. 6095, 153-161 (2006).

"Applications of Oblique-Incidence Reflectivity Difference Method in Primary Study of Protein Biomolecules ," with H.Y. Zhang, R.Q. Liang, K.J. Jin, H.B. Lu, X.D. Zhu, Y.L. Zhou, K.C. Ruan, and G.Z. Yang, Chin. Phys. Lett. 23, 1032 (2006).

"Incidence-angle dependence of optical reflectivity difference from an ultrathin film on solid surface," with J.P. Landry, J. J. Gray, M.K. O'Toole, Opt. Lett. 31, 531-533 (2006).

"Comparison of two optical techniques for label-free detection of biomolecular microarrays on solids," Opt. Commun. 259, 751-753 (2006).

"Role of step edges in oxygen vacancy transport into SrTiO3(001)," with Y.Y. Fei, H.B. Lu, and G.Z. Yang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 051903 (2005).

"An AFM study of chemical etching and thermal annealing treatment of SrTiO3(001) (in chinese)," with Xu Wang, Y.Y. Fei, Q.J. Jin, Z.H. Chen, H.B. Lu, and G.Z. Yang, Science in China, Series G 35, 158-166 (2005).

"Unit-cell by unit-cell homoepitaxial growth using atomically flat SrTiO3(001)substrates and pulsed laser deposition ," with Y.Y. Fei, Xu Wang, H.B. Lu, and G.Z. Yang, Chin. Phys. Lett. 22, 1002 (2005).

"Oscillations in oblique-incidence optical reflection from a growth surface during layer-by-layer epitaxy ," with Y.Y. Fei, L.F. Liu, H.B. Lu, Z.H. Chen, and G.Z. Yang, Phys. Rev. B 69, 233405 (2004).

"Solution of Diffusion Equation in Semi-infinite Space with Photon Density Wave, " with Tuo Zhu, Yan Kong, Yixin Zhang, Yiqing Zhu, Yongjian Yu, and Xiaowu Ni, J. Optoelectronics-Laser 15, 625 (2004).

"Detection of biomolecular microarrays without fluorescent-labeling agents," with J.P. Landry, J.P. Gregg, and X.W. Guo, Proc. of SPIE. 5328, 121 (2004).

"Label-free detection of microarrays of biomolecules using oblique-incidence reflectivity difference microscopy," with J.P. Landry, J. Gregg, Opt. Lett.. 29, 581 (2004).

"Oblique-incidence optical reflectivity difference from a rough film of crystalline material," Phys. Rev. B 69, 115407 (2004).

"Magnetic domain structures in ultrathin FexNi1-x films on Cu(111): Dependence on film thickness and stoichiometry," with Y. Sato, T.F. Johnson, S. Chiang, J.A. Giacomo, D.P. Land, F. Nolting, and A. Scholl, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 29, 135 (2004).

"An oblique-incidence optical reflectivity difference (OI-RD) and LEED study of rare gas growth on a lattice-mismatched metal substrate," with P. Thomas, E. Nabighian, M.C. Bartelt, and C.Y. Fong, Appl. Phys. A 79, 131 (2004).

"Surface dffusion of Xe on Nb(110)," with P. Thomas, J. Gray, and C.Y. Fong, Chem. Phys. Lett. 381, 376 (2003).

"Laser Pointing Stability Measuremed by an Oblique-Incidence Optical Transmittance Differnce Technique," with J. Gray and P. Thomas, Mat. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 780, Y1.9.1 (2003).

"Oblique-Incidence Reflectivity Difference (OI-RD) and RHEED Studies of Adsorption and Growth of Xe on Nb(110)," with P. Thomas, E. Nabighian, M.C. Bartelt, and C.Y. Fong, Mat. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 780, Y3.11.1 (2003).

"Oblique-Incidence Reflectivity Difference and Fluorescence Imaging of Oligonucleotide and IgG Protein Microarrays," with James P. Landry, Jeffrey Gregg, and X.W. Guo, Mat. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 773, N7.5.1 (2003).

"Oblique-incidence reflectivity difference as an in-situ probe of electrodeposition: Co on Au," with W. Schwarzacher and J. Gray, Electrochem. Solid-State Lett. 6, C73 (2003).

"Pb electrodeposition in the presence of chlorine ions on Cu(100):  An oblique-incidence optical reflectivity difference study," with J. Gray and W. Schwarzacher, Mat. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 781, Z4.10.1 (2003).

"An in-situ oblique-incidence optical reflectance difference study of Co electrodeposition on a polycrystalline Au(111)," with J. Gray and W. Schwarzacher, in Texture and Microstructure in Electronic and Magnetic Films, Mat. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 721, J1.4.1 (2002).

"Solution of diffusion equation in multiple-scattering media with photon densing wave," with Tuo Zhu, Laser Technology 26, 318 (2002).

"Fabrication of nanostructural arrays by channeling pulsed atomic beams through an intensity-modulated optical standing wave with a time-varying atom focal length," Opt. Commun. 207, 209 (2002).

"Optical real-time monitoring of the laser molecular-beam epitaxial growth of perovskite oxide thin films by an oblique-incidence reflectance-difference technique," with Fan Chen, Huibin Lu, Zhenghao Chen, Tong Zhao, and Guozheng Yang, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 1031 (2001); J. Opt. Soc. Am. 19, 1218 (2002) (Erratum).

"Surface segregation of bulk oxygen on oxidation of epitaxially grown Nb-doped SrTiO3(001)," with Fan Chen, Y.Y. Fei, Tong Zhao, Huibin Lu, Zhenghao Chen, and Guozhen Yang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 2889 (2002).

"Monolayer oscillation observed by an oblique-incidence reflectance difference technique for the epitaxial growth of oxides," with Fan Chen, Huibin Lu, Tong Zhao, Zhenghao Chen, and Guozhen Yang, Chin. Phys. Lett. 18, 665 (2001).

"Laser pointing stability measured by an oblique-incidence optical transmittance difference technique," with J. Gray and P. Thomas, Rev. Sci. Instr. 72, 3714 (2001).

"Oxidation kinetics in SrTiO3 homoepitaxy," with W. Si, X.X. Xi, and Qidu Jiang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 460 (2001).

"Evolution of a preferred orientation of polycrystalline grains in obliquely deposited gold films on an amorphous substrate," with D. L. Everitt, W.J. Miller, N.L. Abbott, Phys. Rev. B 62, R4833 (2000).

"An experimental determination of the boundary condition for diffuse photons in a turbid medium," with David L. Everitt, Tuo Zhu, Huiming Zhu, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 17, 1284 (2000).

"Analysis and optimization of a diffuse photon tomography of turbid media," with David L. Everitt, Sung-po Wei, Phys. Rev. E 62, 2924 (2000).

"Kinetic roughening during rare-gas homoepitaxy," with E. Nabighian, M.C. Bartelt, Phys. Rev. B 62, 1619 (2000).

"Diffusion of Xe on Ni(111)," with E. Nabighian, Chem. Phys. Lett. 316, 177 (2000).

"Oxidation kinetics in La0.67Ba0.33MnO3 epitaxy on SrTiO3(001) during pulsed laser deposition," with Weidong Si, X.X. Xi, Qi Li, Q.D. Jiang, and M.G. Medici, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3540 (1999).

"Fabrication of 1-D and 2-D nano-structural arrays by channeling pulsed atomic beams through a pulsed-laser standing-wave under completely off-resonant condition," Appl. Phys. Lett.74, 525 (1999).

"RHEED-controlled unit-cell-by-unit-cell layer growth of SrTiO3 and BaTiO3 thin films by laser MBE," with Yang Guo-zhen, et al, in Laser Spectroscopy, edited by Zhi-Jiang Wang, Yu-Zhu Wang, and Zhi-Ming Zhang, Proceedings of 13th International Conference on Laser Spectroscopy (World Scientific, Singapore, 1998).

"In-situ monitoring of Ion sputtering and thermal annealing of crystalline surfaces using an oblique-incidence optical reflectance difference method," with E. Nabighian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 2736 (1998).

"Reliable determination of kinetics parameters of adatoms in thin film epitaxy," Phys. Rev. B 58, 10975 (1998).

"A study of the epitaxial growth of SrTiO3 on SrTiO3(001) using an oblique - incidence reflectance difference technique," with H.B. Lu, Guo-Zhen Yang, Zhi-Yuan Li, Ben-Yuan Gu, and Dao-Zhong Zhang, Phys. Rev. B 57, 2514 (1998).

"Determination of surface diffusion kinetics of adatoms in epitaxy under step-flow growth condition," Phys. Rev. B 57, R9478 (1998).

"Azimuthal dependence of the classical over-barrier hopping diffusion of hydrogen on a vicinal Ni(111) surface," with E. Nabighian, Phys. Rev. B 58, R7552 (1998).

"Imaging objects in tissue-like media with optical tagging and diffuse photon wavelength differential transmittance," with Sung-po Wei, and Xiaowen Guo, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 14, 300 (1997).

"Diffusion of hydrogen on Ni(111) over a wide range of temperature: exploring quantum diffusion on metals," with G. X. Cao, E. Nabighian, Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 3696 (1997).

"Formation of adatom density gratings on a substrate by channeling an atomic beam through a pulsed-laser standing wave under a completely off-resonance condition," Opt. Lett. 22, 1890 (1997).

"Diffusion of hydrogen on Ni(111) over a wide temperature range: exploring quantum diffusion on metals," with G.X. Cao, in Surface Diffusion: Atomistic and Collective Processes, NATO ASI Series, Series B, Physics; Vol. 360, M. Tringides, ed. (Plenum, New York, 1997), p. 607.

"An optical differential reflectance study of adsorption and desorption of xenon and deuterium on Ni(111)," with A. Wong, Appl. Phys. A 63, 1 (1996).

"An analysis of diffuse photon density wave in multiple-scattering media in the presence of a small spherical object," with Sung-po Wei, S.C. Feng, and B. Chance, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 13, 494 (1996).

"Molecular quantum electrodynamics calculation of multipolar optical harmonics generation from isotropic media," with G.X. Cao, Phys. Rev. B 51, 2418 (1995).

"Coverage dependence of quantum diffusion of hydrogen on Ni(111)," with A. Wong, A. Lee, Phys. Rev. B 51, 4418 (1995).

"Selectively launching higher order modes into an optical fiber using an optical phase shifter," with W.Q. Thornburg, B.J. Corrado, Opt. Lett. 19, 454 (1994).

"Surface electromagnetic radiation from a modulated oscillating dipole layer," with A. Lee, B.J. Corrado, Appl. Phys. A 58, 615 (1994).

"Conduction electron theory of quantum diffusion of hydrogen on metal surfaces," Phys. Rev. B 50, R11279 (1994).

"Observation of diffusion of H and D on Ni(111) from over-barrier hopping to non-activated tunneling," with A. Lee, A. Wong, L. Deng, and U. Linke, Phys. Rev. B 48, 11256 (1993).

"Phonon-assisted tunneling of adatoms on a solid surface: the influence of quadratic adatom-phonon couplings," with L. Deng, Phys. Rev. B 48, 17527 (1993).

"Optical diffraction as probes to surface diffusion of adsorbates," in Lasers and Optics for Surface Analysis, Mattanjah S. de Vries, Editor, Proceedings of SPIE 1857 (1993), p. 26.

"Surface diffusion of hydrogen on Ni(100): an experimental observation of quantum tunneling diffusion," with A. Lee, A. Wong, and U. Linke, Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 1862 (1992).

"Multipolar contributions to coherent optical second-harmonic generation at an interface between two isotropic media: a quantum electrodynamic calculation," with A. Wong, Phys. Rev. B 46, 2540 (1992).

"A further examination of optical analogy of quantum conductance in mesoscopic structures," with C.Y. Fong, Solid State Commun. 83, 323 (1992).

"Optical diffraction as probes to surface diffusion of adsorbates," Mod. Phys. Lett. B 6, 1217 (1992).

"Broadly tunable picosecond pulses generated in a b-BaB2O4 optical parametric amplifier pumped by 0.532-micron pulses," with L. Deng, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 1490 (1992).

"Optical second-harmonic diffraction study of anisotropic surface diffusion: CO on Ni(110)," with Xudong Xiao, W. Daum, and Y.R. Shen, Phys. Rev. B 46, 9732 (1992).

"Observation of a transition from an over-barrier hopping to an activated tunneling diffusion: H and D on Ni(100)," with A. Lee, L. Deng, and U. Linke, Phys. Rev. B 46, 15472 (1992).

"Anisotropic diffusion of chemisorbed molecules on metals: CO on Ni(110)," with Xudong Xiao, W. Daum, and Y.R. Shen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 2352 (1991).

" Coverage dependence of surface optical second harmonic generation from CO/Ni(110): investigation with a nonlinear interference technique, " with W. Daum, Xu-dong Xiao, R. Chin, and Y.R. Shen, Phys. Rev. B 43, 11571 (1991).

"Detection of a monolayer adsorbate coverage grating by linear optical diffraction," with A. Lee, and A. Wong, Appl. Phys. A 52, 317 (1991).

"Multipolar contributions to optical second-harmonic generation in isotropic fluids," with Y.R. Shen, Phys. Rev. A 41, 4549 (1990).

"Generation of a monolayer molecular grating by laser desorption: CO on Ni(111)," with Y.R. Shen, Opt. Lett. 14, 503 (1989).

"Generation and detection of a monolayer grating: CO on Ni(111)," with Y.R. Shen, Optics News, 15(5), 40; 15(6), 24 (1989).

"Laser-induced thermal desorption of CO on Ni(111): determination of pre-exponential factor and heat of desorption," with Th. Rasing, and Y.R. Shen, Chem. Phys. Lett. 155, 459 (1989).

"Surface photon echoes in the infrared range," with Y.R. Shen, Appl. Phys. B 50, 535 (1989).

"Vibrational and electronic spectroscopy of pyridine and benzene adsorbed on the Rh(111) crystal surface," with C.M. Mate, G.A. Somorjai, H.W.K. Tom, and Y.R. Shen, J. Chem. Phys. 88, 441 (1988).

"Surface diffusion of CO on Ni(111) studied by diffraction of optical second-harmonic generation off a monolayer grating," with Th. Rasing, and Y.R. Shen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 2883 (1988).

"Surface vibrational spectroscopy by infrared-visible sum-frequency generation," with H. Suhr, and Y.R. Shen, Phys. Rev. B 35, R3047 (1987).

"Investigation of the Si(111)-(7x7) surface by second-harmonic generation: oxidation and the effect of surface phosphorus," with H.W.K. Tom, Y.R. Shen, and G.A. Somorjai, Surf. Sci. 167, 167 (1986).

"Studies of alkali adsorption on Rh(111) using optical second-harmonic generation," with H.W.K. Tom, C.M. Mate, J.E. Crowell, Y.R. Shen, and G.A. Somorjai, Surf. Sci. 172, 466 (1986).

"Correlation between thermal desorption spectroscopy and optical second-harmonic generation for monitoring surface coverage," with Y.R. Shen, and R. Carr, Surf. Sci. 163, 114 (1985).

"Investigation of the Si(111) surface in UHV: oxidation effect of surface phosphorus," with H.W.K. Tom, Y.R. Shen, and G.A. Somorjai, Proceedings of the 17th International Conference on the Physics of Semiconductors (Springer Verlag, New York, 1985), p. 99.

"Surface studies by optical second-harmonic generation: the adsorption of O2, CO and Na on Rh(111) surface," with H.W.K. Tom, C.M. Mate, J.E. Crowell, T.F. Heinz, G. A. Somorjai, and Y.R. Shen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 52, 348 (1984).